Pharmacologic Agent


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  • Also see:


  • 25% of children took at least one prescription drug within 30 days 2007-2010
  • cardiovascular agents were among the most frequently prescribed medications
  • 18% of adults < 65 years of age & 70% of older adults were using at least one cardiovascular drug 2007-2010


  • ACP recommendations for controlling pharmaceutical prices
  • pharmaceutical companies should be transparent about costs of research, development. manufacturing & marketing
  • Medicare & Medicaid should have flexibility in obtaining discounts for purchasing drugs in bulk
  • limits to market exclusivity periods
  • patient cost-sharing should be set at a level that does not impose a substantial economic barrier [2]
  • brand name drugs account for 10% of all prescription, but 72% of prescription drug spending [3]

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  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Press Release. May 14, 2014 Health, United States, 2013 includes special section on prescription drugs. [1]
  2. Daniel H for the Health and Public Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians Stemming the Escalating Cost of Prescription Drugs: A Position Paper of the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. Published online 29 March 2016 [2]
  3. Kesselheim AS, Avorn J, Sarpatwari A The High Cost of Prescription Drugs in the United States. Origins and Prospects for Reform. JAMA. 2016;316(8):858-871. <PubMed> PMID: [3] <Internet> [4]

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