Cardiovascular Disease

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Contents

More Specific Terms

Introduction

Etiology

Epidemiology

  • leading cause on death in the United States
  • among people > 75, more than twice as many die from cardiovascular disease than from cancer & related causes
  • mortality from cardiovascular disease in th U.S.
  • mortality due to cardiovascular deaths continues to increase globally despite improvments in prevention & treatment [7]

Laboratory

  • see ARUP consult [5]

Complications



Management

  • mortality risks decrease as statin doses increase [10]

More General Terms

Additional Terms

References

  1. The American Heart Association Guideline for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women Prescriber's Letter 11(3):16 2004 Detail-Document#: [1] (subscription needed) [2]
  2. Smith SC et al, AHA/ACC Guidelines for secondary prevention for patients with coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease: 2006 update Circulation 2006; 113:2363 <PubMed> PMID: [3] <Internet> [4]
    - Smith SC et al, AHA/ACC Guidelines for secondary prevention for patients with coronary and other atherosclerotic vascular disease: 2006 update J Am Coll Cardiol 2006; 47:2130 PMID: [5]
  3. Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 15, 16, 17. American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 2009, 2012, 2015
  4. Garcia Rodriguez LA et al Discontinuation of low dose aspirin and risk of myocardial infarction: case-control study in UK primary care BMJ 2011; 343:d4094 [6]
  5. ARUP Consult: Cardiovascular Disease (Traditional Risk Markers)
    - Risk Markers CVD (Traditional) The Physician's Guide to Laboratory Test Selection & Interpretation [7]
    - ARUP Consult: Cardiovascular Disease (Non-traditional Risk Markers) - Risk Markers - CVD (Non-traditional) The Physician's Guide to Laboratory Test Selection & Interpretation [8]
  6. Go AS et al Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics - 2014 Update. A report for the American Heart Association [9]
    - Lloyd-Jones D, Adams RJ, Brown TM et al Executive summary: heart disease and stroke statistics--2010 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010 Feb 23;121(7):948-54 PMID: [10]
  7. Roth GA et al Demographic and Epidemiologic Drivers of Global Cardiovascular Mortality. N Engl J Med 2015; 372:1333-1341. April 2, 2015 <PubMed> PMID: [11] <Internet> [12]
  8. Dhawan SS, Quyyumi AA. Rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2008 Apr;10(2):128-33. PMID: [13]
  9. Yusuf S, Reddy S, Ounpuu S, Anand S. Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part II: variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies. Circulation. 2001 Dec 4;104(23):2855-64. PMID: [14]
  10. Rodriguez F, Maron DJ, Knowles JW et al Association Between Intensity of Statin Therapy and Mortality in Patients With Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease. JAMA Cardiol. Published online November 9, 2016 PMID: [15]
    - Bonow RO, Yancy CW. High-Intensity Statins for Secondary Prevention. JAMA Cardiol. 2016 Nov 9. PMID: [16]
  11. National Guideline Clearinghouse
    - European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (2012). ngc-guideline: [17]
    - Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in nursing practice: focus on children and youth. American Heart Association ngc-guideline: [18]
    - Cardiovascular disease - primary prevention. Medical Services Commission, British Columbia ngc-guideline: [19]
    - Emerging biomarkers for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and stroke. National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry ngc-guideline: [20]

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