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More Specific Terms


  • See specific agent


  • also used for treatment of: [7]


  • use same manufacturer from month to month [10]




More General Terms


  1. Prescriber's Letter 11(12): 2004 Comparison of FDA-Approved Antiepileptic Drugs Detail-Document#: [1] (subscription needed) [2]
  2. Prescriber's Letter 14(7): 2007 Generic Substitution of Antiepileptic Drugs Detail-Document#: [3] (subscription needed) [4]
  3. FDA News FDA Requires Warnings about Risk of Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior for Antiepileptic Medications Dec. 16, 2008 [5]
  4. Hernandez-Diaz S et al. Comparative safety of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy. Neurology 2012 May 22; 78:1692. PMID: [6]
  5. Kesselheim AS et al. Variations in pill appearance of antiepileptic drugs and the risk of nonadherence. Arch Intern Med 2012 Dec 31 <PubMed> PMID: [7] <Internet> [8]
  6. Arif H, Buchsbaum R, Pierro J et al Comparative effectiveness of 10 antiepileptic drugs in older adults with epilepsy. Arch Neurol. 2010 Apr;67(4):408-15 PMID: [9]
  7. First DataBank (FDB)
  8. Arif H, Buchsbaum R, Weintraub D et al Comparison and predictors of rash associated with 15 antiepileptic drugs. Neurology. 2007 May 15;68(20):1701-9. PMID: [10]
  9. Bech BH et al Use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth: population based cohort study. BMJ 2014;349:g5159 <PubMed> PMID: [11] <Internet> [12]
  10. Medical Knowledge Self Assessment Program (MKSAP) 17, American College of Physicians, Philadelphia 2015
  11. Glauser T, Ben-Menachem E, Bourgeois B et al Updated ILAE evidence review of antiepileptic drug efficacy and effectiveness as initial monotherapy for epileptic seizures and syndromes. Epilepsia. 2013 Mar;54(3):551-63. PMID: [13]
  12. Israni RK, Kasbekar N, Haynes K, Berns JS. Use of antiepileptic drugs in patients with kidney disease. Semin Dial. 2006 Sep-Oct;19(5):408-16. PMID: [14]
  13. Tomson T, Battino D, Bonizzoni E, et al Comparative risk of major congenital malformations with eight different antiepileptic drugs: a prospective cohort study of the EURAP registry. Lancet Neurology. April 18, 2018 <PubMed> PMID: [15] <Internet> [16]
    - Pennell PB Prescribing antiepileptic drugs to women of reproductive age. Lancet Neurology. April 18, 2018 <PubMed> PMID: [17] <Internet> [18]

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